Scientific Name Danaus eresimus
Describer (Cramer, 1777)
Kingdom Animalia
Class Unknown
Order Lepidoptera
Family Nymphalidae
Distribution open, subtropical habitats
Size 2½ to 3½ inches
Alternative Names Tropical Queen
Regional Names
The Soldier or Tropical Queen, (Danaus eresimus), is a North and South American butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. Their flight is slow and they are reasonably easy to approach, but will fly for some distance if approached too closely.


The Soldier may be found in a variety of open, subtropical habitats such as citrus groves, weedy water edges where host plants occur, dry fields, etc. and in New Mexico.


This butterfly my be encountered from February to December in southern Florida (it is most common in October to December), and from August to January in southern Texas


Males patrol for females. The eggs are bright orange. The black larva is banded with white and yellow stripes. It has a subdorsal row of yellowish-tan spots. There are six black, fleshy filaments, the first pair near the head, the second on the thorax, and the third at the end of the abdomen.The chrysalis is very similar to that of the Monarch, often indistinguishable. It has 3 or more broods per year.

similar speciesEdit

Similar species in the Soldier's range include the Monarch (Danaus plexippus) and the Queen (Danaus gilippus).

The Monarch is more orange, has heavier black-lined veins, and the underside of the wings is a pale yellowish color.

The Queen has nearly no black marked veins, and has white fore wing submarginal spots on both surfaces of the wings.

Genus Danaus
Known species

Danaus affinis - Danaus chrysippus - Danaus cleophile - Danaus dorippus - Danaus eresimus - Danaus erippus - Danaus genutia - Danaus gilippus - Danaus ismare - Danaus melanippus- Danaus petilia - Danaus plexippus -